• JustineDutertre

Women Discrimination world wide

Have we improved our tolerance, and gender equilibrium , let us have a look into it together in few numbers world wide ?



In US: - Not a single Fortune 500 or S&P company has a Black woman CEO (2020) - Only 21% of managers are women, only 4% are women of color, only 1% are Black women

- In meetings and other common workplace scenarios, 54% of Black women are often the only or one of the only people of their race/ethnicity in the room

- 40% of Black women say they need to provide more evidence of their competence, compared to 28% of white women and 14% of men

- On average, Black women are paid 38% less than white men and 21% less than white women source: https://leanin.org/black-women-racism-discrimination-at-work#endnote13 -the group Stop AAPI Hate found that Asian women reported 2.3 times more hate incidents than men.

Ratio of promotions to first-level manager by gender and race :

- For every 100 men who were promoted to management, only 58 Black women were promoted, only 72 white women were promoted, only 68 Latina women were promoted

Source: 2019 McKinsey & Company and LeanIn.Org

In LATIN AMERICA and CARIBBEAN:

- 89% of the interviewees still detect ''machismo'' in society (86% black and 88% white), while 43% state that they have suffered some type of sexist violence (54% of women of only black racial descent and 33% of only white)

Source: https://nuso.org/articulo/las-mujeres-negras-en-la-lucha-por-sus-derechos/


- 70% of people of African descent from different Latin American and Caribbean countries surveyed affirmed that they have suffered from racism.

- 95% of the Afro-descendants surveyed claim to have witnessed or known of any act of racism; likewise, they consider that, between the areas or places where racism is more frequent stand out: The language 19%, the media 15%, the spaces Public 15%, State Institutions 8%, School / Lyceum 7%, Family 5%, Universities 2%, Public Transport 1% and Others 23%.

Source: https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/364/36451387007.pdf


- According to a World Bank report published in 2018, Afro-descendants in Latin America are 2.5 times more likely to live in chronic poverty than whites or mestizos.

In EUROPE:

- Discrimination in the past 5 years, Women feeling discriminated at work for their skin color/ethnicity/religion :

* origin from North-Africa : 29,3% (1 woman out of 3)

* origin from subsaharian : 22,5%

* origin from turkey : 18,7%

* origin from Asia-South Asia : 16,9%


Source: Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey, 2016 https://fra.europa.eu/

In MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA:

- In nearly all countries, women today are better represented in the labor force and play a more prominent role in the workplace than was the case five years ago. In Kuwait, for example, the proportion of adult women with jobs has increased from 46 percent in 2003 to 51 percent in 2007. Similarly, the proportion of working women has grown by 4 percent in Oman (to 25 percent) and by 3 percent in the UAE (to 41 percent) over the same period.

- In 2004, Qatar joined Oman and Bahrain in adopting a legal provision specifying that there shall be no discrimination on the basis of sex. While the constitutions of Kuwait and the UAE do not include a gender-based nondiscrimination clause, they do declare that “all citizens are equal under the law.” Only in Saudi Arabia does the constitution lacks a provision committing the government to a policy of nondiscrimination.

In none of the Gulf countries do women enjoy the same citizenship and nationality rights as men which can carry serious consequences for the choice of a marriage partner.

Source: https://www.freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/Women's%20Rights%20in%20the%20Middle%20East%20and%20Noth%20Africa,%20Gulf%20Edition.pdf

- Gender equality and discrimination laws :

Half of MENA countries (9 of 18) include a constitutional provision enshrining the principle of gender equality. The other half either have an equality provision that does not specifically mention the term “gender,” or they provide for equality based on Islamic legal criteria, which treat women and men differently.


Source: https://www.justice.gov/eoir/page/file/1287981/download


- 18% of MENA women in MENA region are unemployed compared to an average of 8% in OECD countries. This is the highest rate in the world.

- 8% is the average for women in executive cabinets across MENA

- 27% Women’s labour force participation is the lowest in the world compared to 65% for OECD countries, with some countries boasting over 30% of female labour force participation (Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar) - 23% of MENA countries have established the length of the maternal leave in accord with ILO standards (14 weeks). 0% of MENA countries provide paternity leave.

source: https://www.oecd.org/mena/governance/women-in-public-life-mena-brochure.pdf

In ASIA and SOUTH ASIA:

- On average in Asia, women earn between 70 and 90 percent of what men earn.

- 75 percent of women’s work is in the informal sector, without access to benefits such as sick pay, maternity leave or pensions.

Source: https://oxfamilibrary.openrepository.com/bitstream/handle/10546/611297/ib-inequality-womens-work-asia-310516-en.pdf;jsessionid=F8D9CB7A8666EB0FF015BDB2CD731678?sequence=1



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